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Parable of the sower (vs 1-23)
There are four different ways in which one receives the word of God. The wayside, stony, thorny, and good ground. Wayside (sidewalk) one barely even hears the word before rejecting it. Stony the person hears and it begins to take root before dying due to lack of good soil. Thorny it takes root but is choked out by the cares of this world. Yet on the good ground it grows and reproduces!
Parable of the Tares (vs 24-30, 36-43)
There are some in the church now that are not good. There are unrighteous and ungodly people who claim to be Christians. Yet in the end God knows the difference and will separate them out for punishment. We can’t let the hypocrites in church now keep us out of heaven later. God knows they are there and God will sort them out.
Mustard seed and leaven (vs. 31-33)
Growth. When the word of God is followed, then growth happens. It might start small, but it will continue and spread through the whole.
Hidden treasure/pearl (vs 44-46)
The kingdom is of such value that one should be willing to sell all to be in the kingdom.
Dragnet (vs 47-52)
This parable again emphasizes the point that God will separate out the evil in the end. Just going to church does not make one right. It requires obedience. God knows the difference and will punish/reward accordingly.
Also interesting to note that Jesus made little difference in His own country. A prophet is without honor in his own country.
 On the same day Jesus went out of the house and sat by the sea.  And great multitudes were gathered together to Him, so that He got into a boat and sat; and the whole multitude stood on the shore.  Then He spoke many things to them in parables, saying: “Behold, a sower went out to sow.  “And as he sowed, some seed fell by the wayside; and the birds came and devoured them.  “Some fell on stony places, where they did not have much earth; and they immediately sprang up because they had no depth of earth.  “But when the sun was up they were scorched, and because they had no root they withered away.  “And some fell among thorns, and the thorns sprang up and choked them.  “But others fell on good ground and yielded a crop: some a hundredfold, some sixty, some thirty.  “He who has ears to hear, let him hear!”
 And the disciples came and said to Him, “Why do You speak to them in parables?”  He answered and said to them, “Because it has been given to you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been given.  “For whoever has, to him more will be given, and he will have abundance; but whoever does not have, even what he has will be taken away from him.  “Therefore I speak to them in parables, because seeing they do not see, and hearing they do not hear, nor do they understand.  “And in them the prophecy of Isaiah is fulfilled, which says:
‘Hearing you will hear and shall not understand,
And seeing you will see and not perceive;
 For the hearts of this people have grown dull.
Their ears are hard of hearing,
And their eyes they have closed,
Lest they should see with their eyes and hear with their ears,
Lest they should understand with their hearts and turn,
So that I should heal them.’
 “But blessed are your eyes for they see, and your ears for they hear;  “for assuredly, I say to you that many prophets and righteous men desired to see what you see, and did not see it, and to hear what you hear, and did not hear it.
 “Therefore hear the parable of the sower:  “When anyone hears the word of the kingdom, and does not understand it, then the wicked one comes and snatches away what was sown in his heart. This is he who received seed by the wayside.  “But he who received the seed on stony places, this is he who hears the word and immediately receives it with joy;  “yet he has no root in himself, but endures only for a while. For when tribulation or persecution arises because of the word, immediately he stumbles.  “Now he who received seed among the thorns is he who hears the word, and the cares of this world and the deceitfulness of riches choke the word, and he becomes unfruitful.  “But he who received seed on the good ground is he who hears the word and understands it, who indeed bears fruit and produces: some a hundredfold, some sixty, some thirty.”
 Another parable He put forth to them, saying: “The kingdom of heaven is like a man who sowed good seed in his field;  “but while men slept, his enemy came and sowed tares among the wheat and went his way.  “But when the grain had sprouted and produced a crop, then the tares also appeared.  “So the servants of the owner came and said to him, ‘Sir, did you not sow good seed in your field? How then does it have tares?’  “He said to them, ‘An enemy has done this.’ The servants said to him, ‘Do you want us then to go and gather them up?’  “But he said, ‘No, lest while you gather up the tares you also uproot the wheat with them.  ‘Let both grow together until the harvest, and at the time of harvest I will say to the reapers, “First gather together the tares and bind them in bundles to burn them, but gather the wheat into my barn.”’”
 Another parable He put forth to them, saying: “The kingdom of heaven is like a mustard seed, which a man took and sowed in his field,  “which indeed is the least of all the seeds; but when it is grown it is greater than the herbs and becomes a tree, so that the birds of the air come and nest in its branches.”
 Another parable He spoke to them: “The kingdom of heaven is like leaven, which a woman took and hid in three measures of meal till it was all leavened.”
 All these things Jesus spoke to the multitude in parables; and without a parable He did not speak to them,  that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying:
“I will open My mouth in parables;
I will utter things kept secret from the foundation of the world.”
 Then Jesus sent the multitude away and went into the house. And His disciples came to Him, saying, “Explain to us the parable of the tares of the field.”  He answered and said to them: “He who sows the good seed is the Son of Man.  “The field is the world, the good seeds are the sons of the kingdom, but the tares are the sons of the wicked one.  “The enemy who sowed them is the devil, the harvest is the end of the age, and the reapers are the angels.  “Therefore as the tares are gathered and burned in the fire, so it will be at the end of this age.  “The Son of Man will send out His angels, and they will gather out of His kingdom all things that offend, and those who practice lawlessness,  “and will cast them into the furnace of fire. There will be wailing and gnashing of teeth.  “Then the righteous will shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father. He who has ears to hear, let him hear!
 “Again, the kingdom of heaven is like treasure hidden in a field, which a man found and hid; and for joy over it he goes and sells all that he has and buys that field.
 “Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a merchant seeking beautiful pearls,  “who, when he had found one pearl of great price, went and sold all that he had and bought it.
 “Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a dragnet that was cast into the sea and gathered some of every kind,  “which, when it was full, they drew to shore; and they sat down and gathered the good into vessels, but threw the bad away.  “So it will be at the end of the age. The angels will come forth, separate the wicked from among the just,  “and cast them into the furnace of fire. There will be wailing and gnashing of teeth.”  Jesus said to them, “Have you understood all these things?” They said to Him, “Yes, Lord.”  Then He said to them, “Therefore every scribe instructed concerning the kingdom of heaven is like a householder who brings out of his treasure things new and old.”
 Now it came to pass, when Jesus had finished these parables, that He departed from there.  When He had come to His own country, He taught them in their synagogue, so that they were astonished and said, “Where did this Man get this wisdom and these mighty works?  “Is this not the carpenter's son? Is not His mother called Mary? And His brothers James, Joses, Simon, and Judas?  “And His sisters, are they not all with us? Where then did this Man get all these things?”  So they were offended at Him. But Jesus said to them, “A prophet is not without honor except in his own country and in his own house.”  Now He did not do many mighty works there because of their unbelief.